Carnelian is a  variety of the silica mineral chalcedony that derives its fiery color from iron oxides within it.  It’s been favored for thousands of years for both practical and decorative use; it was used for seals for missives during the Roman Empire, as part of the breastplate of high priests during Biblical times, and more recently as a favored stone for making cameos.  It’s relatively hard, with a Mohs hardness of 6 – 7, and is mined in many places in the world, including Brazil, Uruguay, India and Madagascar.

Metaphysical:   Carnelian is believed by many to be a powerful force of positive energy. It revitalizes, inspiriting creativity and action. It grounds and stabilizes with a comforting, calming force. It also is one of the few healing crystals that has the power to cleanse other stones; the energy of this gemstone, when directed properly, acts to transform negative energy into light energy.  Keeping a large carnelian gemstone in the home acts to protect, and to encourage love between family members. Placed near the front door, it can attract abundance. Wear a carnelian pendant around the neck for a constant flow of warming, motivating energy.